Utilize este identificador para referenciar este registo: http://hdl.handle.net/10284/275
Título: Evaluation of ammonium and phosphate release from intertidal and subtidal sediments of a shallow coastal lagoon (Ria Formosa – Portugal): a modelling approach
Autor: Serpa, Dalila
Falcão, Manuela
Duarte, Pedro
Cancela da Fonseca, Luís
Vale, Carlos
Palavras-chave: Ammonium
Coastal lagoon
Geochemical processes
Phosphate Ria Formosa
Data: 2007
Editora: Springer
Citação: Biogeochemistry (82) (2007), pp. 291–304
Relatório da Série N.º: Biogeochemistry
82, 2007
Resumo: During an annual cycle, overlying water and sediment cores were collected simultaneously at three sites (Tavira, Culatra and Ramalhete) of Ria Formosa’s intertidal muddy and subtidal sandy sediments to determine ammonium, nitrates plus nitrites and phosphate. Organic carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus were also determined in superficial sediments. Ammonium and phosphate dissolved in porewater were positively correlated with temperature (P < 0.01) in muddy and sandy sediments, while the nitrogen-oxidized forms had a negative correlation (P < 0.02) in muddy sediments probably because mineralization and nitrification/denitrification processes vary seasonally. Porewater ammonium profiles evidenced apeak in the top-most muddy sediment (380 lM) suggesting higher mineralization rate when oxygen is more available, while maximum phosphate concentration (113 lM) occurred in the sub-oxic layer probably due to phosphorus desorption under reduced conditions. In organically poor subtidal sandy sediments, nutrient porewater concentrations were always lower than in intertidal muddy sediments, ranging annually from 20 lMto 100 lM for ammonium and from 0.05 lM to 16 lM for phosphate. Nutrient diffusive fluxes predicted by a mathematical model were higher during summer, inbothmuddy (104 nmol cm–2d–1––NH4+; 8 nmol cm–2 d–1––HPO4–2) and sandy sediments (26 nmol cm–2 d–1––NH4+; 1 nmol cm–2 d–1––HPO4–2), while during lower temperature periods these fluxes were 3–4 times lower. Based on simulated nutrient effluxes, the estimated annual amount of ammonium and phosphate exported from intertidal areas was three times higher than that released from subtidal areas (22 ton year–1––NH4+; 2 ton year–1––HPO4–2), emphasizing the importance of tidal flats to maintain the high productivity of the lagoon. Global warming scenarios simulated with the model, revealed that an increase in lagoon water temperature only produces significant variations (P < 0.05) for NH4+ in porewater and consequent diffusive fluxes, what will probably affect the system productivity due to a N/P ratio unbalance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10284/275
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